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About Deviant Artist Senior Member Charles S. FallisMale/United States Recent Activity
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Olympus XA rangefinder with A16 flash unit by FallisPhoto
Olympus XA rangefinder with A16 flash unit
The Olympus XA may be the smallest of the 35mm rangefinder film cameras (about the size of a pack of cigarettes). This one has been restored to full function and I would have repainted it too, but I couldn't figure out what they used for paint. this means it has some rub marks and small scratches, particularly around the shutter button area.

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Petri 2.8 rangefinder by FallisPhoto
Petri 2.8 rangefinder
This is a Petri 2.8 rangefinder camera. It has been cleaned, lubricated, adjusted and has been polished and detailed within an inch of its life. I have always suspected that the Petri Logo was designed so that when people saw them, they'd think, just for a few seconds, that they were looking at Leicas. Of course then you'd think, "oh hell, it's just a Petri." I wonder how that worked out for them. Anyway, while they were not Leicas, they were fairly good rangefinder cameras. This one has lasted a lot of years and not only still looks good, but is still operational. I wonder how many modern cameras will be able to say that.
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Balda  Baldinette by FallisPhoto
Balda Baldinette
This is a Balda Baldinette. It has been cleaned, lubricated and adjusted and it has been polished to within an inch of its life. It works perfectly and looks nearly new. I don't know what it is about Baldas, or whether it is just my bad luck, but every time I have tried to buy one, the first one or two have had the rear lens elements missing. I had to buy three Super Baldinas once to get one with all its lens elements. Well, this is the second one of these I bought and it has all its lens elements. It has a 3-element Schneider Radionar lens in a Compur Rapid shutter.

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Apertures and f/stops are not quite the same thing. An aperture is the size of the hole that the light passes through in order to expose the film. It is not complicated. f/stops are a set of standardized numbers used in mathematical formulas that are used to determine the size of the aperture. The "f" in f/stop is the focal length of the lens. Thus, if you have a 22mm lens, and you are shooting at f/2, then 22/2 = 11mm, which is the size of the aperture. If you are shooting at f/22, then 22/22 = 1mm, which will be the size of the aperture. Each progressive aperture, going from the largest number (let's say 22) to the smallest (let's say 2) admits twice the light into the camera that the preceding number does.

Shutter speeds are set up the same way. Starting from the fastest shutter speed (let's say 1/1000th second) and going to the slowest (let's say 30 seconds; but there really isn't a limit to how slow you can go -- some people with film cameras have used shutter speeds of a year or more), each progressive shutter speed admits twice the light into the camera as the preceding one.

Because they are set up this way, it allows you to use what are called "equivalent exposures." Let's say that your camera's meter is recommending an exposure of 1/125th second at f/11. Well, you decide that you want a little less depth of field than this. Depth of field is what the aperture controls and it is the amount of space in front of and behind the subject of the photo that will be in focus. To get less depth of field, you'd switch from f/11 to f/8; this admits twice as much light into the camera and without making an adjustment, your photo will be overexposed. To compensate for this, you switch from 1/125th second to 1/250th second, reducing the light by half (back to its previous level). Now you have an equivalent exposure that has the depth of field that you want. Simple.
Yashica 35 ME by FallisPhoto
Yashica 35 ME
This is a Yashica 35 ME. It is a viewfinder camera with true zone focusing and has the options of full autoexposure or shutter priority. It uses 35mm film, has been cleaned, lubricated and adjusted, is fully functional, and has been fully restored cosmetically as well.

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deviantID

FallisPhoto
Charles S. Fallis
Artist
United States
Current Residence: darkroom
Favourite photographer: Jerry Uelsmann and J.K Potter
Favourite style of art: surreal nudes (darkroom manipulations)
Personal Quote: "Great photos are created, not captured." -- Ansel Adams
Interests
Apertures and f/stops are not quite the same thing. An aperture is the size of the hole that the light passes through in order to expose the film. It is not complicated. f/stops are a set of standardized numbers used in mathematical formulas that are used to determine the size of the aperture. The "f" in f/stop is the focal length of the lens. Thus, if you have a 22mm lens, and you are shooting at f/2, then 22/2 = 11mm, which is the size of the aperture. If you are shooting at f/22, then 22/22 = 1mm, which will be the size of the aperture. Each progressive aperture, going from the largest number (let's say 22) to the smallest (let's say 2) admits twice the light into the camera that the preceding number does.

Shutter speeds are set up the same way. Starting from the fastest shutter speed (let's say 1/1000th second) and going to the slowest (let's say 30 seconds; but there really isn't a limit to how slow you can go -- some people with film cameras have used shutter speeds of a year or more), each progressive shutter speed admits twice the light into the camera as the preceding one.

Because they are set up this way, it allows you to use what are called "equivalent exposures." Let's say that your camera's meter is recommending an exposure of 1/125th second at f/11. Well, you decide that you want a little less depth of field than this. Depth of field is what the aperture controls and it is the amount of space in front of and behind the subject of the photo that will be in focus. To get less depth of field, you'd switch from f/11 to f/8; this admits twice as much light into the camera and without making an adjustment, your photo will be overexposed. To compensate for this, you switch from 1/125th second to 1/250th second, reducing the light by half (back to its previous level). Now you have an equivalent exposure that has the depth of field that you want. Simple.

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:iconjustinmlindner:
JustinMLindner Featured By Owner Oct 13, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
I followed you on ebay so I can keep an eye on what cameras you have available.  The 3 on there now look pretty cool, definitely have an antique look to them 
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:iconfallisphoto:
FallisPhoto Featured By Owner Oct 13, 2014
Four of them are on there now. All are Kodak Retinas and all of them date from the very early 40 and 50s (yes, at least one was made in Nazi Germany). Three of them are rangefinders and one is a ranging camera. A rangefinder tells you the distance to the subject very precisely. Rangefinders focus more precisely than any other kind of camera. With a ranging camera, you don't get that. You estimate the distance to the subject and rely on depth of field (area in front of and behind the subject that is in reasonably sharp focus) to compensate for error. Anyway, those are vintage, not antique. Antiques are 100+ years old (I have a few).
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:iconjustinmlindner:
JustinMLindner Featured By Owner Oct 13, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
oh I only saw 3.  The Nazi Germany thing doesn't phase me, I'd love to get my hands on a German Mauser from that era so I really don't mind. they had good engineers so I don't feel bad about wanting stuff they built. 

would those work for school? 
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:iconfallisphoto:
FallisPhoto Featured By Owner Oct 13, 2014
It would depend on what the course requirements are. Those are rangefinder cameras. If the course requirements say you have to have an SLR, as some do, then they won't work.

Oh hell,  just remembered that one of them, the Kodak Retina Reflex III, is an SLR (of sorts). Technically, it would fulfill your course requirements, but it would be way behind the capabilities of every other camera in the class. You really want a Nikon, Canon, Pentax, Yashica, Minolta, Olympus or something similar if you are taking this course seriously.
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(1 Reply)
:icontlo-photography:
TLO-Photography Featured By Owner Aug 26, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
Happy Birthday Charles!! :D
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:iconfallisphoto:
FallisPhoto Featured By Owner Aug 26, 2014
Thank you, I guess. I wasn't really looking forward to 60 though.
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:icontlo-photography:
TLO-Photography Featured By Owner Aug 26, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
You can't stop time! Enjoy every day! :D
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:iconfallisphoto:
FallisPhoto Featured By Owner Aug 26, 2014
Well, I am on the right side of the grass still, at least for a little while longer.
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(1 Reply)
:iconanorexianevrosa:
anorexianevrosa Featured By Owner Aug 26, 2014  Hobbyist Artist
Airborne Happy Birthday dear!Airborne I love deviantART! 
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:iconfallisphoto:
FallisPhoto Featured By Owner Aug 26, 2014
Oh, God. Not another one. Well, thanks, I guess.
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